Spinal Cord Injury

SCI: Background Information (2009)

Identifying Information and Availability

Bibliographic Source

American Dietetic Association. American Dietetic Association Spinal Cord Injury Evidenced-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline, Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2008.


This guideline was not adapted from another source. Development of the guideline was conducted in accordance with the Appraisal of Guidelines Research Evaluation critical appraisal instrument.

Date Released


Guideline Developer

American Dietetic Association.

Guideline Status

This is the first edition of the ADA Spinal Cord Injury Evidenced-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline.

Guideline Reviewers

  • Melody N. Chavez, RD
  • Milissa Janisko, RD
  • Ki (Alex) Kim, MD
  • Lisa D. Miller, RD, LD
  • Linda Kautz Osterkamp, PhD, RD, FADA
  • Lindsay Torcasi, RD, LD.

Expert Workgroup

  • Angela T. Paison DiTucci, RD, Chair  
  • Vickeri Barton, RD, CD
  • Erin DeDecker, BSc, HBSc, RD
  • Mary Ann Djonne, RD, MEd
  • Yvonne C. Portelli, RD, LD, CDE
  • Melissa M. Shock, PhD, RD.
Resigned from Work Group

Mary C. Strauser Rocca, RD, MEd (2007).

Lead Evidence Analyst
  • Erica K. Gradwell, MS, RD (resigned from project 2007)
  • Kyle Thompson, MS, RD, CD, CNSD.
Evidence Analysts
  • Sharon Balters, PhD, RD, LMNT
  • Christopher Taylor, PhD, RD
  • Madelyn L. Wheeler, MS, RD, FADA, CD, CDE
  • Sharon Wojnaroski, MA, RD
  • Megan Wolfe, MS, RD, CDN
  • Jane Ziegler, MS, RD, LDN, CNSD.
Financial Contributors 

Disclosures of Potential Conflict of Interest

In the interest of full disclosure, ADA has adopted the policy of revealing relationships workgroup members have with companies that sell products or services that are relevant to this topic. Workgroup members are required to disclose potential conflicts of interest by completing the ADA Conflict of Interest Form. It should not be assumed that these financial interests will have an adverse impact on the content, but they are noted here to fully inform readers. None of the work group members listed above disclosed potential conflicts of interest.

ADA Staff

  • Deborah Cummins, PhD
  • Kari Kren, MPH, RD
  • Esther F. Myers, PhD, RD
  • Joan Schwaba, MS, RD.

Guideline Availablility

The guideline will be available online.

Availability of Companion Documents

The Spinal Cord Injury Toolkit is a set of companion documents which detail how the practitioner applies the Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline in practice. The Toolkit will include forms such as documentation forms, outcomes monitoring sheets, client education resources, case studies and MNT protocols for implementing the Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline.

Patient Resources

Patient education resources will be available within the Spinal Cord Injury Toolkit.

National Library of Medicine Subject Headings

  • The main MeSH category is designated as Therapeutics
  • The sub-categories under this heading include Nutrition Therapy and Diet Therapy.

Institutes of Medicine (IOM) National Healthcare Quality Report Categories

  • IOM Care need: Getting better
  • IOM Domain: Effectiveness, patient-centeredness.

Copyright Statement

The American Dietetic Association encourages the free exchange of evidence in nutrition practice guidelines and promotes the adaptation of the guidelines for local conditions. However, please note that guidelines are subject to copyright provisions. To replicate or reproduce this guideline in part or in full, please obtain agreement from the American Dietetic Association. Contact eal@adaevidencelibrary.com for copyright permission.

When modifying the guidelines for local circumstances, significant departures from these comprehensive guidelines should be fully documented and the reasons for the differences explicitly detailed.

©2008 American Dietetic Association.