FJ: Weight Status or Adiposity in Children (2014)
What is the association between intake of 100% fruit juice and weight status or adiposity (e.g., BMI percentile, weight gain, BMI Z-score and fat mass) in children?
The evidence reviewed does not support an association between 100% fruit juice consumption and weight status or adiposity in children ages 2 to 18 years of age.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
Evidence Summary: What is the association between intake of 100% fruit juice and weight status or adiposity (e.g., BMI percentile, rate of weight gain, BMI z-score, and fat mass) in children?
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
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- Berkey CS, Rockett HRH, Field AE, Gillman MW, Colditz GA.. Sugar-added beverages and adolescent weight change. Obesity Research. 2004; 12:778-788
- Danyliw AD, Vatanparast H, Nikpartow N, Whiting SJ.. Beverage patterns among Canadian children and relationship to overweight and obesity. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism [Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme]. 2012; 37:900-906
- Dennison BA, Rockwell HL, Baker SL.. Excess fruit juice consumption by pre-school-aged children is associated with short stature and obesity. Pediatrics. 1997; 99:15-22
- Dennison BA, Rockwell HL, Nichols MJ, Jenkins P.. Children's growth parameters vary by type of fruit juice consumed. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 1999; 18:346-352
- Field AE, Gillman MW, Rosner B, Rockett HR, Colditz GA.. Association between fruit and vegetable intake and change in body mass index among a large sample of children and adolescents in the United States. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 2003; 27:821-826
- Fiorito LM, Marini M, Francis LA, Smiciklas-Wright H, Birch LL.. Beverage intake of girls at age five years predicts adiposity and weight status in childhood and adolescence. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2009; 90:935-942
- LaRowe TL, Moeller SM, Adams AK. Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2007; 107:1,124-1,133
- Libuda L, Alexy U, Sichert-Hellert W, Stehle P, Karaolis-Danckert N, Buyken A, Kersting M.. Pattern of beverage consumption and long-term association with body-weight status in German adolescents--results from the DONALD study. The British Journal of Nutrition. 2008; 99:1,370-1,379
- Makkes S, Montenegro-Bethancourt G, Groeneveld I, Doak CM, Solomons NW.. Beverage consumption and anthropometric outcomes among schoolchildren in Guatemala. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2011; 7:410-420
- Nelson JA, Carpenter K, Chiasson MA. Diet, activity, and overweight among preschool-age children enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Preventing Chronic Disease 2006; 3:A49
- Newby PK, Peterson KE, Berkey CS, Leppert J, Willett WC, Colditz GA.. Beverage consumption is not associated with changes in weight and body mass index among low-income preschool children in North Dakota. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2004; 104:1,086-1,094
- Nicklas TA, O'Neil CE, Kleinman R.. Association between 100% juice consumption and nutrient intake and weight of children aged two to 11 years. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2008; 162:557-565
- O'Connor TM, Yang SJ, Nicklas TA.. Beverage intake among preschool children and its effect on weight status. Pediatrics. 2006; 118:e1,010-e1,018
- O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Kleinman R.. Relationship between 100% juice consumption and nutrient intake and weight of adolescents. American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP. 2010; 24:231-237
- O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Rampersaud GC, Fulgoni VL.. One hundred percent orange juice consumption is associated with better diet quality, improved nutrient adequacy, and no increased risk for overweight/obesity in children. Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.) 2011; 31:673-682
- Skinner JD, Carruth BR.. A longitudinal study of children's juice intake and growth: The juice controversy revisited. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2001; 101:432-437
- Skinner JD, Carruth BR, Moran J, Houck K, Coletta, F.. Fruit juice intake is not related to children's growth. Pediatrics. 1999; 103:58-64
- Striegel-Moore, R, Thompson D, Affenito SG, Franko DL, Obarzanek E, Barton BA, Schreiber GB, Daniels SR, Schmidt M, Crawford PB.. Correlates of beverage intake in adolescent girls: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. The Journal of Pediatrics 2006; 148:183-187
- Taber DR, Stevens J, Poole C, Maciejewski ML, Evenson KR, Ward DS.. State disparities in time trends of adolescent body mass index percentile and weight-related behaviors in the United States. Journal of Community Health. 2012; 37:242-252
- Wang Y, Lloyd B, Yang M, Davis C, Lee S, Lee W, Chung SJ, Chun OK.. Impact of orange juice consumption on macronutrient and energy intakes and body composition in the US population. Public Health Nutrition. 2012; 15:2,220-2,227
- Welsh JA, Cogswell ME, Rogers S, Rockett H, Mei Z, Grummer-Strawn LM.. Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics. 2005; 115:e223-e229
Search Plan and Results: FJ: Fruit Juice and Adiposity in Children 2013