What is the evidence regarding a particular dietary intake of energy for people with HIV infection?
Twenty-four studies were evaluated regarding energy intake in people with HIV infection. Eight out of nine studies report increased resting energy expenditure (as much as 5% to 17%) in people with HIV infection, compared to healthy controls. However, total energy expenditure may be similar to that of control subjects. Energy balance deficits result in growth failure in children with HIV infection. Factors related to energy needs in people with HIV infection include stage of disease, opportunistic infections and comorbidities, inflammation and effects of medications. Further research is needed regarding energy requirements in people with HIV infection.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.