H/A: Monitoring of Food Intake (2009)
What is the evidence to regarding the monitoring of food intake in people with HIV infection?
15 articles were reviewed to evaluate the monitoring of food intake in people with HIV infection. Several studies report variations in energy and nutrient intake and weight changes. Special considerations are needed for children, as well as individuals with fat deposition, those taking protease inhibitors, those with a history of drug abuse and those with metabolic abnormalities. One study reported that three-day food records may be more valid than food frequency questionnaires when reporting food intake in the HIV-infected population. Further research is needed regarding frequency of food intake monitoring.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
Evidence Summary: What is the evidence to support the monitoring of food intake in people with HIV infection?
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
- Chlebowski RT, Grosvenor M, Lillington L, Sayre J, Beall G. Dietary intake and counseling, weight maintenance, and the course of HIV infection. J Am Diet Assoc 1995; 95(4): 428-435.
- Dong KR, Wanke CA, Tang AM, Ding B, Hendricks KM. Dietary glycemic index of human immunodeficiency virus-positive men with and without fat deposition. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006; 106: 728-732.
- Forrester JE, Tucker KL, Gorbach SL. Dietary intake and body mass index in HIV-positive and HIV-negative drug abusers of Hispanic ethnicity. Public Health Nutrition. 2004; 7(7): 863-870.
- Forrester JE, Woods MN, Knox TA, Spiegelman D, Skinner SC, Gorbach SL. Body composition and dietary intake in relation to drug abuse in a cohort of HIV-positive persons. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000; 25 Suppl 1: S43-S48.
- Heller L, Fox S, Hell KJ, Church JA. Development of an instrument to assess nutritional risk factors for children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. J Am Diet Assoc. 2000;100(3): 323-329.
- Henderson RA, Talusan K, Hutton N, Yolken RH, Caballero B. Serum and plasma markers of nutritional status in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997; 97: 1,377-1,381.
- Hendricks K, Tang A, Spiegelman D, Skinner S, Woods M. Dietary intake in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults: a comparison of dietary assessment methods. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005; 105: 532-540.
- Hendricks KM, Willis K, Houser R, Jones CY. Obesity in HIV-infection: dietary correlates. J Am Coll Nutr. 2006; 25 (4): 321-331.
- Hendricks KM, Dong KR, Tang AM, Ding B, Spiegelman D, Woods MN, Wanke CA. High-fiber diet in HIV-positive men is associated with lower risk of developing fat deposition. Am J Clin Nutr, 2003; 78: 790-795.
- Joy T, Keogh HM, Hadigan C, Lee H, Dolan SE, Fitch K, Liebau J, Lo J, Johnsen S, Hubbard J, Anderson EJ, Grinspoon S. Dietary fat intake and relationship to serum lipid levels in HIV-infected patients with metabolic abnormalities in the HAART era. AIDS. 2007; 21: 1591-1600.
- Luder E, Godfrey E, Godbold J, Simpson DM. Assessment of nutritional, clinical, and immunologic status of HIV-infected, inner-city patients with multiple risk factors. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995; 95: 655-660.
- Melvin D, Wright C, Goddard S. Incidence and nature of feeding problems in young children referred to a paediatric HIV service in London: FEAD screening. Child Care Health Dev 1997; 23 (4): 297-313.
- Shah M, Tierney K, Adams-Huet B, Boonyavarakul A, Jacob K, Quittner C, Dinges WL, Peterson D, Garg A. The role of diet, exercise and smoking in dyslipidemia in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. HIV Medicine. 2005; 6: 291-298.
- Woods MN, Spiegelman D, Knox TA, Forrester JE, Connors JL, Skinner SC, Siva M, Kim JH, Gorbach SL. Nutrient intake and body weight in a large HIV cohort that included women and minorities. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002; 102: 203-211.
- Woods MN, Tang AM, Forrester J, Jones C, Hendricks K, Ding B, Knox TA. Effect of dietary intake and protease inhibitors on serum vitamin B12 levels in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2003; 37(Suppl 2): S124-S131.
Search Plan and Results: Monitoring of Food Intake 2008