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DM: Major Recommendations (2015)

DM: Major Recommendations (2015)

Recommendations are categorized in terms of either conditional or imperative statements. While conditional statements clearly define a specific situation, imperative statements are broadly applicable to the target population and do not impose restraints on their application.

Conditional recommendations are presented in an if/then format, such that:


Fulfillment of the condition triggers one or more guideline-specified actions. In contrast, imperative recommendations include terms such as “require, ” “must, ” and “should, ” and do not contain conditional text that would limit their applicability to specified circumstances.

Resources Available with Each Recommendation

In addition to the recommendation statement and strength rating, you will find on each recommendation page:

  • A brief narrative summary of the evidence analyzed to reach the recommendation
  • A statement of justification, or reason for the strength of the recommendation
  • Detailed information on the evidence supporting the recommendations and background narrative (available in the Supporting Evidence section toward the bottom of each recommendation page)
  • A reference list at the end of each recommendation page that includes all the sources used in the evidence analysis for the particular recommendation (each reference is hyperlinked to a summary of the article analyzed in the evidence analysis).

Below, you will find a list of the Diabetes Type 1 and 2 (2015) Recommendations, organized according to the stage of the Nutrition Care Process and by topic. To see the Recommendation Summary, just click on the Recommendation title.

Nutrition Screening and Referral

DM: Screening and Referral for Medical Nutrition Therapy


Medical Nutrition Therapy

DM: Medical Nutrition Therapy

Nutrition Assessment

DM: Nutrition Assessment


Nutrition Intervention

DM: Individualize Nutrition Prescription

DM: Energy Intake

DM: Macronutrient Composition

DM: Carbohydrate Management Strategies

DM: Fiber Intake

DM: Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load

DM: Nutritive Sweeteners

DM: FDA-Approved Non-Nutritive Sweeteners

DM: Protein Intake and Protein Intake for Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD)

DM: Cardioprotective Eating Pattern

DM: Vitamin, Mineral and/or Herbal Supplementation

DM: Alcohol Consumption

DM: Physical Activity

DM: Education on Glucose Monitoring

DM: Coordination of Care


Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation

DM: Monitor and Evaluate Effectiveness of Medical Nutrition Therapy