GDM: Calorie Level (2001)
Calorie Level (Gestational Diabetes Mellitus 2001)
Gestational Diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy Protocol (2001)
The ADA 2001 Gestational Diabetes MNT Evidence-based guide for practice was originally published in a compact disk (CD) format. This 2001 project was published to the online Evidence Analysis Library for the benefit of ADA members, even though it does not follow the current online format and may be missing some of the components. (The current evidence analysis projects include the following components: question, conclusion, grade, search plan and results, evidence summary, overview table, worksheets, and quality check lists.)
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Conclusion Statements: Calorie level (2001 CD)
Cohort studies show that energy requirements are highly variable and can be met by increasing food intake, decreasing physical activity or decreasing fat storage. Therefore, recommendations for a calorie level are best determined by monitoring weight gain, physical activity, appetite, and food, glucose and ketone records.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
Evidence Summary: Gestational Diabetes and Calorie Level (2001 CD)
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
- Durnin JVGA, McKillop FM, Grant S, Fitzgerald G. Is nutritional status endangered by virtually no extra intake during pregnancy? Lancet 1985; 2:823-827.
- King JC. Physiology of pregnancy and nutrient metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71 (suppl): 1218S-1225S.
- Kopp-Hoolihan LE, van Loan MD, Wong WW, King JC. Longitudinal assessment of energy balance in well-nourished, pregnant women. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;69:697-704.
- Metzger BE, Coustan DR. Summary and recommendations of the Fourth International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. The Organizing Committee. Diabetes Care 1998;21 Suppl 2:B161-167.