Nutrition Screening Adults

Nutrition Screening Adults (NSA) Systematic Review (2016-2018)

Nutrition Screening Adults Systematic Review (2016-2018)

Nutrition screening is the process of identifying patients, clients, or groups who may have a nutrition diagnosis and benefit from nutrition assessment and intervention by a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN). Nutrition screening is a supportive task, which relies on tools that are quick and easy-to-use (<10 minutes to complete) and that requires minimal training. Use of valid and reliable tools are important to avoid under referral of patients or clients with malnutrition or over referral of patients or clients without malnutrition.

The project goal was to update and expand an existing EAL systematic review examining the validity and reliability of adult malnutrition screening tools. Six tools for identifying risk for malnutrition (undernutrition) with sufficient evidence for evaluation were selected: Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutrition Assessment – Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ), Mini Nutrition Assessment-Short Form-Body Mass Index (MNA-SF-BMI), and Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS-2002). This review provides an analysis of validity, agreement, and reliability of tools to screen adults for malnutrition regardless of their age, medical history, or setting/location. The costs of the malnutrition screening procedure was also reviewed.

  • Use the links on the left to view tool components and descriptions; validity and reliability criteria, definitions; procedure costs; and the evidence analysis. 
  • From the project landing page, expand the section titled Project Team and Disclosures for a listing of individuals who contributed to time to the development of the systematic review, disclosures of conflict, and project funding information.
  • From the project landing page, expand the section titled Resources and Articles for information on published manuscripts from this project.


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