VN: Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors (2024)

Author and Year:
Sofi F, Dinu M, Pagliai G, et al. 2018
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Low-Calorie Vegetarian Versus Mediterranean Diets for Reducing Body Weight and Improving Cardiovascular Risk Profile: CARDIVEG Study (Cardiovascular Prevention With Vegetarian Diet).
Sofi F, Dinu M, Pagliai G, Cesari F, Gori A, Sereni A, Becatti M, Fiorillo C, Marcucci R, Casini A
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Randomized Crossover Trial
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Low risk
Inclusion Criteria:
Being overweight (>/=25 kg/m2) and the simultaneous presence of >/=1 of the following criteria defined by the guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention of the European Society of Cardiology: Clinically healthy participants (18-75 years of age) with a low-to-moderate cardiovascular risk profile (>190 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels >115 mg/dL, triglyceride levels >150 mg/dL, and glucose levels >110 but <126 mg/dL.
Exclusion Criteria:
Participants were excluded if they were taking medications for any reason, had a serious illness or an unstable condition, were pregnant or nursing, were participating or had participated in a weight loss treatment program in the last 6 months, or were following or had followed a food profile that, to a certain extent, excluded meat, poultry, or fish in the last 6 months.
Research Purpose:
Our aim was to compare, in a population of omnivorous individuals living in a low-risk (for cardiovascular disease) European country, the effects of a 3-month period on a low-calorie vegetarian diet compared with a low-calorie Mediterranean diet on several markers of cardiovascular disease risk.
Blinding efforts:
Not reported
Study Location:
Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy
Source(s) of Funding:
Not reported
Please specify names of funders:
Not reported