VN: Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors (2024)

Author and Year:
Turner-McGrievy G, Davidson C, et al. 2015
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Comparative effectiveness of plant-based diets for weight loss: a randomized controlled trial of five different diets.
Turner-McGrievy G, Davidson C, Wingard E, Wilcox S, Frongillo E
Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Randomized Controlled Trial
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Some concerns
Inclusion Criteria:
Overweight or obese (body mass index [BMI] 25-49.9 kg/m2) adults, who were interested in losing weight, were between the ages of 18 and 65 y with a stable medical status (e.g., no uncontrolled thyroid conditions or diabetes), and were willing to accept random assignment of diet,
Exclusion Criteria:
Participants who have an unstable medical status or uncontrolled thyroid condition, have a BMI outside the range of 25-49.9 kg/m2, are smokers, are unable to attend required meeting and assessment visits, have a psychiatric illness, are in treatment for alcohol or drug dependency, have an eating disorder, are currently participating in a weight-loss program, or are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning on becoming pregnant during the study.
Research Purpose:
The goal of this study was to examine the differences in weight loss among participants randomized to adopt an omnivorous, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, vegetarian, or vegan diet.
Blinding efforts:
Neither participants nor study personnel were blinded to diet assignment
Study Location:
University of South Carolina, USA
Source(s) of Funding:
Not reported
Please specify names of funders:
Not reported