NGHC: Childhood Nutrition and Lifestyle Factors (2013)
What are the lifestyle factors that impact childhood nutrition (screen time, exercise, sleep hygiene, coping skills)?
All 12 studies included in the evidence analysis for this question found significant associations among childhood nutrition and one or more of the following: screen time, exercise, sleep hygiene and coping skills. 12 studies (two meta-analyses, three randomized controlled trials, two non-randomized controlled trials, two cross-sectional studies, two before-after studies, one descriptive study) met inclusion criteria for the question.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
Evidence Summary: What are the lifestyle factors that impact childhood nutrition (screen time, exercise, sleep hygiene, coping skills)?
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
- Adkins S, Sherwood NE, Story M, Davis M. Physical activity among African-American girls: the role of parents and the home environment. Obes Res. 2004; 12 Suppl: 38S-45S.
- Benjamin SE, Ammerman A, Sommers J, Dodds J, Neelon B, Ward DS. Nutrition and physical activity self-assessment for child care (NAP SACC): results from a pilot intervention. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007; 39 (3): 142-149.
- Chen X, Beydoun MA, Wang Y. Is sleep duration associated with childhood obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008; 16 (2): 265-274.
- Halford JC, Boyland EJ, Hughes GM, Stacey L, McKean S, Dovey TM. Beyond-brand effect of television food advertisements on food choice in children: the effects of weight status. Public Health Nutr. 2008;11(9):897-904.
- Kater KJ, Rohwer J, Londre K. Evaluation of an upper elementary school program to prevent body image, eating and weight concerns. J Sch Health 2002; 72 (5): 199-204.
- Marshall SJ, Biddle SJ, Gorely T, Cameron N, Murdey I. Relationships between media use, body fatness and physical activity in children and youth: A meta-analysis. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Oct; 28(10): 1,238-1,246. Review.
- Olvera N, Scherer R et al. BOUNCE: an exploratory healthy lifestyle summer intervention for girls. Am J Health Behavior. 2010; 34 (2): 144-155.
- Sahota P, Rudolf MC, Dixey R, Hill AJ, Barth JH, Cade J. Evaluation of implementation and effect of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity. BMJ. 2001; 323 (7320): 1,027-1,029.
- Stevens J, Story M, Ring K, Murray DM, Cornell CE, Juhaeri, Gittelsohn J. The impact of the Pathways intervention on psychosocial variables related to diet and physical activity in American Indian schoolchildren. Prev Med. 2003; 37 (6 Pt 2): S70-S79.
- Wiecha JL, Peterson KE, Ludwig DS, Kim J, Sobol A, Gortmaker SL. When children eat what they watch: Impact of television viewing on dietary intake in youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2006; 160 (4): 436-442.
Search Plan and Results: NGHC: Lifestyle Factors Impacting Childhood Nutrition 2011