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Transgender Nutrition

Transgender Nutrition Scoping Review (2020)

Scoping Review

An evidence scoping review was conducted to determine availability of literature examining hormone therapy, health outcomes and the role of nutrition in transgender individuals. The research question for this scoping review was:

Research Question
What is the extent, range and nature of literature examining the nutrition-related intermediate and long-term health outcomes in individuals who are transgender? Specific sub-topics examined include 1) dietary intake, 2) nutrition-related health disparities, 3) validity and reliability of nutrition assessment methods, and 4) the effects of nutrition interventions/exposures and 5) hormone therapy.

Search Plan

Target Population: Individuals who are transgender. No limits on age. 

Assessment: Validity and reliability of nutrition assessment methods

Interventions: Nutrition interventions, hormone therapy


  • Intermediate Outcomes: Dietary intake, anthropometrics, nutrition-related lab values
  • Health Outcomes: (a) mortality, b) osteoporosis/osteopenia, c) diabetes, d) cardiovascular disease, e) hypertension, f) metabolic syndrome, g) overweight/obesity/underweight, i) eating disorders, j) food insecurity, k)QoL, and l) alcohol abuse

Locations: All locations. No limits.

Search Dates: 1999 to December 2019

Study Designs: Controlled and non-controlled trials, cohort and cross-sectional studies, qualitative studies, systematic reviews and evidence-based practice guidelines.

Databases: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Health Technology Assessment Database, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), WHO ICTRP and

Results: The scoping review is in progress with an estimate complete date of May 2020.

  • Learn more about EAL Scoping Reviews by visiting the Policy and Process section
  • Questions on the Transgender Nutrition scoping review should be emailed to


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