DLM-SF: Meat (2021)
Author and Year:
Bechthold A, Boeing H, et al. 2017
Food groups and risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies.
Bechthold A, Boeing H, Schwedhelm C, Hoffmann G, Knüppel S, Iqbal K, De Henauw S, Michels N, Devleesschauwer B, Schlesinger S, Schwingshackl L
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Year of publication:
Meta-analysis or Systematic Review
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Prospective design (cohort studies, case-cohort studies, nested case-control studies, follow-up studies of RCTs); information about the association for at least one of the following 12 food. groups: whole grains/cereals, refined grains/cereals, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy products, fish, red meat, processed meat, SSB; participants aged ?18 years; and considering CHD including myocardial infarction and other coronary artery diseases (like angina); stroke (haemorrhagic, ischemic); and HF as outcomes
Studies including populations suffering from chronic disease; (2) studies reporting only fatal outcomes, since mortality was included in a previous meta-analysis (Schwingshackl et al., 2017c); (3) studies aggregating outcomes as total CVD, and not reporting on CHD, stroke or heart failure separately; (4) when a study appeared to have been published in duplicate, the version containing the longest follow-up was selected.
Synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF).
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