The EAL is seeking RDNs and NDTRs who work with patients, clients, or the public to treat children and adolescents living with type 1 diabetes, for participation in a usability test and focus group. Interested participants should email a professional resume to by July 15, 2024.

DLM-SF: Meat (2021)

Author and Year:
Bechthold A, Boeing H, et al. 2017
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Food groups and risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies.
Bechthold A, Boeing H, Schwedhelm C, Hoffmann G, Knüppel S, Iqbal K, De Henauw S, Michels N, Devleesschauwer B, Schlesinger S, Schwingshackl L
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Meta-analysis or Systematic Review
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Inclusion Criteria:
Prospective design (cohort studies, case-cohort studies, nested case-control studies, follow-up studies of RCTs); information about the association for at least one of the following 12 food. groups: whole grains/cereals, refined grains/cereals, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy products, fish, red meat, processed meat, SSB; participants aged ?18 years; and considering CHD including myocardial infarction and other coronary artery diseases (like angina); stroke (haemorrhagic, ischemic); and HF as outcomes
Exclusion Criteria:
Studies including populations suffering from chronic disease; (2) studies reporting only fatal outcomes, since mortality was included in a previous meta-analysis (Schwingshackl et al., 2017c); (3) studies aggregating outcomes as total CVD, and not reporting on CHD, stroke or heart failure separately; (4) when a study appeared to have been published in duplicate, the version containing the longest follow-up was selected.
Research Purpose:
Synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF).
Blinding efforts:
Not reported
Study Location:
Source(s) of Funding:
Not reported
Please specify names of funders: