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Advanced Technology in Food Production

ATFP: Human Consumption of Animal Foods Produced Using Genetic Engineering (GE) Technologies (2015)

  • Basic Research
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on food intake and nutrient adequacy?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on food intake and nutrient adequacy.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Food Intake/Nutrient Adequacy 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on gene translocation?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on gene translocation.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Gene Translocation 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on cancer?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on cancer.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Cancer 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on food safety?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on food safety.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Food Safety 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on phenotype expression?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on phenotype expression.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Phenotype Expression 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on antibiotic resistance?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on antibiotic resistance.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Antibiotic Resistance 2014
       
    What is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on inflammation or inflammatory markers?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on inflammation or inflammatory markers.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Inflammation 2014
       
    In subjects without existing food allergies, would the human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies cause allergenicity by sensitizing consumers to the novel proteins (or other proteins present at enhanced levels in the GE animal variety) contained in these GE animal foods?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on causing allergenicity by sensitizing consumers to the novel proteins (or other proteins present at enhanced levels in the GE animal variety) in subjects without existing food allergies.

       
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Allergenicity 2014
       
    In subjects without existing food allergies, would the human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies increase the prevalence of allergies to those animal foods by increasing the levels of known allergenic proteins already inherent in those foods?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on increasing the prevalence of allergies by increasing the levels of known allergenic proteins already inherent in those foods in subjects without existing food allergies.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Allergenicity 2014
       
    In subjects with existing food allergies, would the human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies elicit allergic reactions because of the presence of allergens or cross-reactive allergens from other biological sources (food or non-food) that are one of the novel proteins contained within these GE animal foods?
    In subjects with existing food allergies, what is the effect of human consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on reducing allergenicity?
    • Conclusion
      There were no human studies identified to address consumption of animal foods produced using genetic engineering (GE) technologies on reducing allergenicity in subjects with existing food allergies.
    • Grade: V
      • Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
      • Grade II is Fair;
      • Grade III is Limited/Weak;
      • Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
      • Grade V is Not Assignable.
      • High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
      • Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
      • Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
      • Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
      • Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
    • Search Plan and Results: ATFP: Human Consumption of Genetically Engineered Animal Foods and Allergenicity 2014