This Academy member benefit temporarily has been made public to allow all practitioners access to content that may assist in patient care during the national pandemic response. Click here for information on joining the Academy. 

Gestational Diabetes

GDM: Major Recommendations (2008)

Gestational Diabetes Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline

Below you will find a list of Gestational Diabetes (GDM) Recommendations. You may also view the Executive Summary of Recommendations or print the guideline in PDF format.

Gestational Diabetes (GDM) Major Recommendations

GDM: Risk Assessment and Screening for Gestational Diabetes
GDM: Pregnant Women at Risk for GDM
GDM: MNT for Pregnant Women with IGT or GDM

Nutrition Assessment

GDM: Assessment of Food Intake, Physical Activity and Medications
GDM: Assessment of BMI and Weight Gain 

Nutrition Intervention

GDM: Caloric Intake
GDM: Macronutrient and Micronutrient Intake
GDM: Physical Activity
GDM: Blood Glucose Monitoring
GDM: Use of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners
GDM: Promotion of Breastfeeding
GDM: Alcohol Consumption
GDM: Pharmacologic Therapy
GDM: Ketone Testing

Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation

GDM: Monitor and Evaluate MNT Effectiveness
GDM: Prevention of Recurrence/Type 2 Diabetes

The recommendations listed below were originally developed for other ADA evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines, but have been integrated into the Gestational Diabetes Evidence-based Nutrition Practice Guideline and may provide additional guidance for the practitioner.

Diabetes Type 1 and 2 Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline for Adults Recommendations

DM: Fiber and Diabetes
DM: Carbohydrate Intake and Insulin Dose Adjustment
DM: Glycemic Index and Diabetes