VN: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (2024)

Author and Year:
Barnard N, Cohen J, Jenkins D, et al. 2009
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial.
Barnard N, Cohen J, Jenkins D, Turner-McGrievy G, Gloede L, Green A, Ferdowsian H
The American journal of clinical nutrition
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Randomized Controlled Trial
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Low risk
Inclusion Criteria:
Individuals with type 2 diabetes, defined by a fasting plasma; glucose concentration .125 mg/dL on 2 occasions or a prior diagnosis of type 2 diabetes treated with medications for blood glucose control for at least 6 months.
Exclusion Criteria:
Glycated hemoglobin (Hb A1c) ,6.5% or .10.5%; use of insulin for .5 y; smoking, alcohol, or drug abuse; pregnancy; unstable medical status; and current use of a low-fat vegetarian diet.
Research Purpose:
To report the effects of a low-fat vegan diet and a diet based on 2003 American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines after 74 wk of study
Blinding efforts:
Study Location:
United States
Source(s) of Funding:
Please specify names of funders:
Supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (grant R01 DK059362-01A2) and the Diabetes Action Research and Education Foundation