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Oncology

ONC: References (2013)

References used in this guideline are listed within each recommendation, see the Major Recommendations section.
To view references included and excluded from this evidence analysis, view the Criteria and Results for Specific Topics.

Oncology Guideline 2013 Major Recommendation References

ONC: Nutrition Status and Outcomes of Adult Oncology Patients

Barlow R, Price P, Reid TD, Hunt S, Clark GW, Havard TJ, Puntis MC, Lewis WG. Prospective multicentre randomised controlled trial of early enteral nutrition for patients undergoing major upper gastrointestinal surgical resection. Clin Nutr. 2011 Oct; 30(5): 560-566.

Capuano G, Grosso A, Gentile PC, Battista M, Bianciardi F, Di Palma A, Pavese I, Satta F, Tosti M, Palladino A, Coiro G, Di Palma M. Influence of weight loss on outcomes in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing concomitant chemoradiotherapy. Head Neck. 2008 Apr; 30(4): 503-508.

Hill A, Kiss N, Hodgson B, Crowe TC, Walsh AD. Associations between nutritional status, weight loss, radiotherapy treatment toxicity and treatment outcomes in gastrointestinal cancer patients. Clin Nutr. 2011; 30: 92-98.

Kathiresan AS, Brookfield KF, Schuman SI, Lucci JA 3rd. Malnutrition as a predictor of poor postoperative outcomes in gynecologic cancer patients. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011 Aug; 284(2): 445-451.

Piquet MA, Ozsahin M, Larpin I, Zouhair A, Coti P, Monney M, Monnier P, Mirimanoff RO, Roulet M. Early nutritional intervention in oropharyngeal cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2002 Sep; 10(6): 502-504. Epub 2002 Aug 2.

Amaral TF, Antunes A, Cabral S, Alves P, Kent-Smith L. An evaluation of three nutritional screening tools in a Portuguese oncology centre. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2008; 21: 575-583.

Antoun S, Rey A, Béal J, Montange F, Pressoir M, Vasson MP, Dupoiron D, Gourdiat-Borye A, Guillaume A, Maget B, Nitenberg G, Raynard B, Bachmann P. Nutritional risk factors in planned oncologic surgery: What clinical and biological parameters should be routinely used? World J Surg. 2009 Aug; 33(8): 1,633-1,640.

Braga M, Gianotti L, Vignali A, Cestari A, Bisagni P, Di Carlo V. Artificial nutrition after major abdominal surgery: Impact of route of administration and composition of the diet. Crit Care Med.1998; 26(1): 24-30.

Horsley P, Bauer J, Gallagher B. Poor nutritional status prior to peripheral blood stem cell transplantation is associated with increased length of hospital stay. Bone Marrow Transplantation. 2005; 35: 1,113-1,116.

Ionescu D, Iancu C, Ion D, Al-Hajjar N, Margarit S, Mocan L, Mocan T, Deac D, Bodea R, Vasian H. Implementing fast-track protocol for colorectal surgery: A prospective randomized clinical trial. World J Surg. 2009 Nov; 33(11): 2,433-2,438.

Laky B, Janda M, Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Cleghorn G, Obermair, A. Pretreatment malnutrition and quality of life-association with prolonged length of hospital stay among patients with gynecological cancer: A cohort study. BMC Cancer. 2010; 10: 232.

Pressoir M, Desne S, Berchery D, Rossignol G, Poiree B, Meslier M, Traversier S, Vittot M, Simon M, Gekiere JP, Meuric J, Serot F, Falewee MN, Rodriquez I, Senesse P, Vasson MP, Chelle F, Maget B, Antoun S, Bachmann P. Prevalence, risk factors and clinical implications of malnutrition in French comprehensive cancer centers. British Journal of Cancer. 2010: 102, 966-971.

Sorensen J, Kondrup J, Prokopowicz J, Schiesser M, Krähenbühl L, Meier R, Liberda M; EuroOOPS study group. EuroOOPS: An international, multicentre study to implement nutritional risk screening and evaluate clinical outcome. Clin Nutr. 2008 Jun; 27(3): 340-349.

Bauer JD, Capra S. Nutrition intervention improves outcomes in patients with cancer cachexia receiving chemotherapy-a pilot study. Support Care Cancer. 2005; 13: 270-274.

Carey S, Storey D, Biankin AV, Martin D, Young J, Allman-Farinelli M.Long-term nutritional status and quality of life following major upper gastrointestinal surgery: A cross-sectional study. Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec; 30(6): 774-779.

Correia M, Cravo M, Marques-Vidal P, Grimble R, Dias-Pereira A, Faias S, Nobre-Leitão C. Serum concentrations of TNF-alpha as a surrogate marker for malnutrition and worse quality of life in patients with gastric cancer. Clin Nutr. 2007 Dec; 26(6): 728-735.

Hammerlid E, Wirblad B, Sandin C, Mercke C, Edstrom S, Kaasa S, Sullivan M, Westin T. Malnutrition and food intake in relation to quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. Head & Neck. 1988; 20: 540-548.

Hyltander A, Bosaeus I, Svedlund J, Liedman B, Hugosson I, Wallengren O, Olsson U, Johnsson E, Kostic S, Henningsson A, Körner U, Lundell L, Lundholm K. Supportive nutrition on recovery of metabolism, nutritional state, health-related quality of life, and exercise capacity after major surgery: A randomized study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 May; 3(5): 466-474.

Isenring E, Bauer J, Capra, S. The scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and its association with quality of life in ambulatory patients receiving radiotherapy. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003; 57, 305-309.

Iversen PO, Wisløff F, Gulbrandsen N. Reduced nutritional status among multiple myeloma patients during treatment with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell support. Clin Nutr. 2010 Aug; 29(4): 488-491.

Nourissat A, Vasson MP, Merrouche Y, Bouteloup C, Goutte M, Mille D, Jacquin JP, Collard O, Michaud P, Chauvin F. Relationship between nutritional status and quality of life in patients with cancer. Eur J Cancer. 2008 Jun; 44(9): 1,238-1,242.

Ollenschläger G;Thomas W;Konkol K;Diehl V;Roth E. Nutritional behaviour and quality of life during oncological polychemotherapy: results of a prospective study on the efficacy of oral nutrition therapy in patients with acute leukaemia. Eur J Clin Invest 1992 Aug;22(8):546-53.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Camilo ME. Does nutrition influence quality of life in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy? Radiother Oncol. 2003 May; 67(2): 213-220.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Vidal P, Camilo M. Dietary counseling improves patient outcomes: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial in colorectal cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. J Clin Oncology. 2005; 23: 1,431-1,438.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Vidal PM, Camilo ME. Impact of nutrition on outcome: A prospective randomized controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Head and Neck. 2005 Aug; 659-668.

Shahmoradi N, Kandiah M, Peng LS. Impact of nutritional status on the quality of life of advanced cancer patients in hospice home care. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009; 10(6): 1,003-1,009.

Odelli C, Burgess D, Bateman L, Hughes A, Ackland S, Gillies J, Collins CE. Nutrition support improves patient outcomes, treatment tolerance and admission characteristics in oesophagel cancer. Clinical Oncology. 2005;17:639-645.

Alexandre J, Gross-Goupil M, Falissard B, Nguyen ML, Gornet JM, Misset JL, Goldwasser F. Evaluation of the nutritional and inflammatory status in cancer patients for the risk assessment of severe haematological toxicity following chemotherapy. Ann Oncol. 2003; 14: 36-41.

Eriksson KM, Cederholm T, Palmblad JE. Nutrition and acute leukemia in adults: Relation between nutritional status and infectious complications during remission induction. Cancer. 1998; 82: 1,071-1,077.

Phippen NT, Lowery WJ, Barnett JC, Hall LA, Landt C, Leath CA 3rd. Evaluation of the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a predictor of febrile neutropenia in gynecologic cancer patients receiving combination chemotherapy: A pilot study. Gynecol Oncol. 2011; 123(2): 360-364.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar JL, Mourtzakis M, Mulder KE, Reiman T, Butter CA, Scarfe AG, Sawyer MB. Body composition as an independent determinant of 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy toxicity. Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Jun 1; 13(11): 3,264-3,268.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mourtzakis M, Tonkin K, Mackey JR, Koski S, Pituskin E, Sawyer MB. Sarcopenia as a determinant of chemotherapy toxicity and time to tumor progression in metastatic breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine treatment. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15; 15(8) :2,920-2,926.

Prado CM, Lima IS, Baracos VE, Bies RR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mackey JR, Kuzma M, Damaraju VL, Sawyer MB. An exploratory study of body composition as a determinant of epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011; 67(1): 93-101.

Robinson DW Jr, Eisenberg DF, Cella D, Zhao N, de Boer C, DeWitte M. The prognostic significance of patient-reported outcomes in pancreatic cancer cachexia. J Support Oncol. 2008; 6(6): 283-290.

Ross PJ, Norton A, Priest K, Waters JS, Eisen T, Smith IE, O'Brien MER. Do patients with weight loss have a worse outcome when undergoing chemotherapy for lung cancers? British Journal of Cancer. 2004; 90: 1,905-1,911.

Dewys WD, Begg C, Lavin PT, Band PR, Bennett JM, Bertino JR, Cohen MH, Douglass HO Jr, Engstrom PF, Ezdinli EZ, Horton J, Johnson GJ, Moertel CG, Oken MM, Perlia C, Rosenbaum C, Silverstein MN, Skeel RT, Sponzo RW, Tormey DC. Prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy in cancer patients. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. Am J Med. 1980; 69(4): 491-497.

Fearon KC, Voss AC, Hustead DS. Definition of cancer cachexia: Effect of weight loss, reduced food intake and systemic inflammation on functional status and prognosis. American Society of Nutrition. 2006; 83: 1,345-1,350.

Gioulbasanis I, Georgoulias P, Vlachostergios PJ, Baracos V, Ghosh S, Giannousi Z, Papandreou CN, Mavroudis D, Georgoulias V. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and biochemical markers of cachexia in metastatic lung cancer patients: Interrelations and associations with prognosis. Lung Cancer. 2011 Dec; 74(3): 516-520.

Gupta D, Lis CG, Vashi PG, Lammersfeld CA. Impact of improved nutritional status on survival in ovarian cancer. Support Care Cancer. 2010 Mar; 18(3): 373-381.

Martin L, Lagergren P. Long-term weight change after oesophageal cancer surgery. B J Surg. 2009; 96(11): 1,308-1,314.

Martin L, Watanabe S, Fainsinger R, Lau F, Ghosh S, Quan H, Atkins M, Fassbender K, Downing GM, Baracos V. Prognostic factors in patients with advanced cancer: Use of the patient-generated subjective global assessment in survival prediction. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Oct 1; 28(28): 4,376-4,383.

Persson C, Sjoden PO, Glimellius B. The Swedish version of the patient-generated subjective global assessment of nutritional status: gastrointestinal vs urological cancers. Clin Nutr. 1999; 18 (2): 71-77.

Prado CM, Lieffers JR, McCargar LJ, et al. Prevalence and clinical implications of sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: A population-based study. Lancet Oncol. 2008; 9(7): 629-635.

Tan BH, Birdsell LA, Martin L, Baracos VE, Fearon KC. Sarcopenia in an overweight or obese patient is an adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15; 15(22): 6,973-6,979.

Yoon H, Lewis M, Shi Q, Khan M, Cassivi S, Diasio R, Sinicrope F. Prognostic impact of body mass index stratified by smoking status in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. J Clin Oncol. 2011; 29: 4,561-4,567.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

None.

Nutrition Screening and Referral

ONC: Screening for Malnutrition Risk and Referral of Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

Isenring EA, Bauer JD, Capra S. Nutrition support using the American Dietetic Association medical nutrition therapy protocol for radiation oncology patients improves dietary intake compared with standard practice. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Mar; 107 (3): 404-412. PMID: 17324657.

Kruizenga HM, Van Tulder MW, Seidell JC, Thijs A, Ader HJ, Van Bokhorst-de van der Schueren MA. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of early screening and treatment of malnourished patients. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Nov; 82 (5): 1, 082-1, 089. PMID: 16280442.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Vidal PM, Camilo ME. Dietary counseling improves patient outcomes: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in colorectal cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Mar 1; 23 (7): 1, 431-1, 438. Epub 2005 Jan 31.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Marques Vidal P, Camilo ME. Impact of nutrition on outcome: a prospective randomized controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Head Neck. 2005 Aug; 27 (8): 659-668. PMID: 15920748.

Skipper A, Ferguson M, Thompson K, Castellanos VH, Porcari J. Nutrition screening tools: an analysis of the evidence. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36 (3): 292-298. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

Stratton RJ, Hackston A, Longmore D, et al. Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients: Prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the ‘malnutrition universal screening tool’ (‘MUST’) for adults. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(5):799-808.

 

ONC: Malnutrition Screening Tools for Adult Oncology Patients

Amaral TF, Antunes A, Cabral S, Alves P, Kent-Smith L. An evaluation of three nutritional screening tools in a Portuguese oncology centre. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2008; 21: 575-583.

Bauer J, Capra S. Comparison of a malnutrition screening tool with subjective global assessment in hospitalised patients with cancer: Sensitivity and specificity. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2003; 12(3): 257-260.

Ferguson ML, Bauer J, Gallagher B, Capra S, Christie DRH, Mason BR. Validation of a malnutrition screening tool for patients receiving radiotherapy. Australasian Radiology. 1999; 43: 325-327.

Ferguson M, Capra S, Bauer J, Banks M. Development of a valid and reliable malnutrition screening tool for adult acute hospital patients. Nutrition. 1999 Jun; 15(6): 458-464.

Isenring E, Cross G, Daniels L, Kellett E, Koczwara B. Validity of the malnutrition screening tool as an effective predictor of nutritional risk in oncology outpatients receiving chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2006 Nov; 14(11): 1152-1156. Epub 2006 Apr 19.

Kim JY, Wie GA, Cho YA, Kim SY, Kim SM, Son KH, Park SJ, Nam BH, Joung H. Development and validation of a nutrition screening tool for hospitalized cancer patients. Clin Nutr. 2011; 1-6.

Kirsh KL, Dugan C, Theobald DE, Passik SD. A chart review, pilot study of two single-item screens to detect cancer patients at risk for cachexia. Palliat Support Care. 2003 Dec; 1 (4): 331-335

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

None.

Medical Nutrition Therapy

ONC: Medical Nutrition Therapy in Adult Oncology Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy

Goncalves Dias MC, de Fatima Nunes Marucci, Nadalin W, Waitberg DL. (2005). Nutritional intervention improves the caloric and protein ingestion of head and neck cancer patients under radiotherapy. Nutr. Hosp. 20:320-325.

Isenring EA, Bauer JD, Capra S. Nutrition Support Using the American Dietetic Association Medical Nutrition Therapy Protocol for Radiation Oncology Patients Improves Dietary Intake Compared with Standard Practice. J Am Diet Assoc 2007; 107 (3): 404-412.

Isenring E, Capra S, Bauer J, Davies PS. The impact of nutrition support on body composition in cancer outpatients receiving radiotherapy. Acta Diabetol. 2003 Oct; 40 Suppl 1: S162-S164.

Isenring E, Capra S, Bauer J. Patient satisfaction is rated higher by radiation oncology outpatients receiving nutrition intervention compared with usual care. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2004; 17: 145-152.

Isenring EA, Capra S, Bauer, J.D. Nutrition intervention is beneficial in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the gastrointestinal or head and neck area. Brit J Cancer. 91: 447-452; 2004.

Odelli C, Burgess D, Bateman L, Hughes A, Ackland S, Gillies J, Collins CE. Nutrition support improves patient outcomes, treatment tolerance and admission characteristics in oesophagel cancer. Clinical Oncology. 2005;17:639-645.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Camilo ME. Does nutrition influence quality of life in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy? Radiother Oncol. 2003 May; 67(2): 213-220.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Vidal P, Camilo M. Dietary counseling improves patient outcomes: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial in colorectal cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. J Clin Oncology. 2005; 23: 1,431-1,438.

Ravasco P, Monteiro-Grillo I, Vidal PM, Camilo ME. Impact of nutrition on outcome: A prospective randomized controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Head and Neck. 2005 Aug; 659-668.

van den Berg MGA, Rasmussen-Conrad EL, Wei KH, Lintz-Luidens H, Kaanders JHAM, Merkx MAW. Comparison of the effect of individual dietary counselling and of standard nutritional care on weight loss in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Br J Nutr. 2010; 104: 872-877.

Danielson B, Fairchild A. Beyond palliative radiotherapy: A pilot multidisciplinary brain metastases clinic. Support Care Cancer. 2011 Apr 9. doi: 10.1007/s00520-011-1149-1.

Dawson ER, Morley SE, Robertson AG, Soutar DS. Increasing Dietary Supervision Can Reduce Weight Loss in Oral Cancer Patients. Nutrition and Cancer. 2001;41(1&2):70-74.

Pituskin E, Fairchild A, Dutka J, Gagnon L, Driga A, Tachynski P, Borschneck JA, Ghosh S. Multidisciplinary team contributions within a dedicated outpatient palliative radiotherapy clinic: A prospective descriptive study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2010; 78 (2): 527-532.

Dintinjana RD, Guina T, Krznaric Z, Radic M, Dintinjana, M. Effects of nutritional support in patients with colorectal cancer durng chemotherapy. Collegium Antropologicum 2008; 3: 737-740.

Glare P, Jongs W, and Zafiropoulos, B. Establishing a cancer nutrition rehabilitation program (CNRP) for ambulatory patients attending an Australian cancer center. Support Care Cancer. 2011, 19: 445-454.

Glimelius B, Birgegard G, Hoffman K, Hagnebo C, Hogman G, Kvale, G, Nordin K, Nou E, Persson C, Sjoden P. Improved Care of Patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer. Acta Oncologica.1992;31(8):823-832

Ollenschläger G;Thomas W;Konkol K;Diehl V;Roth E. Nutritional behaviour and quality of life during oncological polychemotherapy: results of a prospective study on the efficacy of oral nutrition therapy in patients with acute leukaemia. Eur J Clin Invest 1992 Aug;22(8):546-53.

Ovesen L, Allingstrup L, Hannibal J, Mortensen EL, Hansen OP. Effect of dietary counseling on food intake, body weight, response rate, survival, and quality of life in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy: A prospective, randomized study. J Clin Oncol. 1993; 11 (10): 2,043-2,049.

Block KI, Gyllenhaal C, Tripathy D, Freels S, Mead MN, Block PB, Steinmann WC, Newman RA, Shoham J. Survival impact of integrative cancer care in advanced metastatic breast cancer. Breast J. 2009 Jul-Aug; 15 (4): 357-366. Epub 2009 May 12

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

None.

Nutrition Assessment

ONC: Nutrition Assessment Tools for Adult Oncology Patients

Bauer J, Capra S, Ferguson M. Use of the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in patients with cancer. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug; 56 (8): 779-785. PMID: 12122555.

Isenring E, Bauer J, Capra, S. The scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and its association with quality of life in ambulatory patients receiving radiotherapy. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003; 57, 305-309.

Laky B, Janda M, Cleghorn G, Obermair A. Comparison of different nutritional assessments and body-composition measurements in detecting malnutrition among gynecologic cancer patients. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008; 87: 1,678-1,685.

Li R, Wu J, Ma M, Pei J, Song Y, Zhang X, Han B. Comparisson of PG-SGA, SGA and body-composition measurement in detecting malnutrition among newly diagnosed lung cancer patients in stage IIIB/IV and benign conditions. Med Oncol. 2011; 28: 689-696.

Persson C, Sjoden PO, Glimellius B. The Swedish version of the patient-generated subjective global assessment of nutritional status: gastrointestinal vs urological cancers. Clin Nutr. 1999; 18 (2): 71-77.Kwang AY, Kandiah M. Objective and subjective nutritional assessment of patients with cancer in palliative care. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2010 Mar; 27 (2): 117-126. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

Read JA, Crockett N, Volker DH, MacLennan P, Choy ST, Beale P, Clarke SJ.Nutritional assessment in cancer: comparing the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) with the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PGSGA). Nutr Cancer. 2005; 53 (1): 51-56.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

None.

ONC: Nutrition Assessment Criteria in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

American Cancer Society.: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.

Antoun S, Baracos VE, Birdsell L, Escudier B, Sawyer MB. Low body mass index and sarcopenia associated with dose-limiting toxicity of sorafenib in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2010 Aug; 21 (8): 1, 594-1, 598. Epub 2010 Jan 20. PMID: 20089558.

Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F, Martin FC, Michel JP, Rolland Y, Schneider SM, Topinková E, Vandewoude M, Zamboni M; European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age Ageing. 2010 Jul;39(4):412-23. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afq034. Epub 2010 Apr 13. PMID: 20392703

Fearon K, Arends J, Baracos V. Understanding the mechanisms and treatment options in cancer cachexia. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2013 Feb; 10 (2): 90-99. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.209. Epub 2012 Dec 4. PMID: 23207794.

Fearon KC. Cancer cachexia and fat-muscle physiology. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365 (6): 565-567. No abstract available. PMID: 21830971.

Fearon KC, Voss AC, Hustead DS; Cancer Cachexia Study Group. Definition of cancer cachexia: effect of weight loss, reduced food intake, and systemic inflammation on functional status and prognosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun; 83(6): 1, 345-1, 350. PMID: 16762946.

Grabowski DC and Ellis JE. High body mass index does not predict mortality in older people: analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Aging. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jul; 49 (7): 968-979. PMID: 11527490.

Jensen GL, Hsiao PY, Wheeler D. Adult nutrition assessment tutorial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36 (3): 267-274. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Kubrak C, Olson K, Jha N, Jensen L, McCargar L, Seikaly H, Harris J, Scrimger R, Parliament M, Baracos VE. Nutrition impact symptoms: key determinants of reduced dietary intake, weight loss, and reduced functional capacity of patients with head and neck cancer before treatment. Head Neck. 2010 Mar; 32(3): 290-300. doi: 10.1002/hed.21174. PMID: 19626639.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mourtzakis M, Tonkin K, Mackey JR, Koski S, Pituskin E, Sawyer MB. Sarcopenia as a determinant of chemotherapy toxicity and time to tumor progression in metastatic breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine treatment. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15; 15 (8): 2, 920-2, 926. Epub 2009 Apr 7. PMID: 19351764.

Prado CM, Birdsell LA, Baracos VE. The emerging role of computerized tomography in assessing cancer cachexia. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2009 Dec; 3 (4): 269-275. Review. PMID: 19667996.

Prado CM, Lima IS, Baracos VE, Bies RR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mackey JR, Kuzma M, Damaraju VL, Sawyer MB. An exploratory study of body composition as a determinant of epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Jan; 67 (1): 93-101. Epub 2010 Mar 5. PMID: 20204364.

Tan BH, Birdsell LA, Martin L, Baracos VE, Fearon KC. Sarcopenia in an overweight or obese patient is an adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;15 (22): 6, 973-6, 979. Epub 2009 Nov 3. PMID: 19887488.

White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M; Academy Malnutrition Work Group, A.S.P.E.N. Malnutrition Task Force, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112 (5): 730-738. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Wojtaszek CA, Kochis LM, Cunningham RS: Nutrition impact symptoms in the oncology patient. Oncology Issues 17 (2): 15-7, 2002.

ONC: Nutrition Assessment for the Stages of Cancer Cachexia in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

American Cancer Society: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.

Antoun S, Baracos VE, Birdsell L, Escudier B, Sawyer MB. Low body mass index and sarcopenia associated with dose-limiting toxicity of sorafenib in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2010 Aug; 21 (8): 1,594-1,598. Epub 2010 Jan 20. PMID: 20089558.

Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F, Martin FC, Michel JP, Rolland Y, Schneider SM, Topinková E, Vandewoude M, Zamboni M; European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age Ageing. 2010 Jul; 39 (4):412-423. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afq034. Epub 2010 Apr 13. PMID: 20392703.

Fearon K, Strasser F, Anker SD, Bosaeus I, Bruera E, Fainsinger RL, Jatoi A, Loprinzi C, MacDonald N, Mantovani G, Davis M, Muscaritoli M, Ottery F, Radbruch L, Ravasco P, Walsh D, Wilcock A, Kaasa S, Baracos VE. Definition and classification of cancer cachexia: an international consensus. Lancet Oncol. 2011 May; 12 (5): 489-495. Epub 2011 Feb 4. Review. PMID: 21296615.

Fearon KC. Cancer cachexia and fat-muscle physiology. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365 (6): 565-567. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcibr1106880. No abstract available. PMID: 21830971.

Fearon K, Arends J, Baracos V. Understanding the mechanisms and treatment options in cancer cachexia. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2013 Feb; 10 (2): 90-99. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.209. Epub 2012 Dec 4. PMID: 23207794.

Jensen GL, Hsiao PY, Wheeler D. Adult nutrition assessment tutorial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36 (3): 267-274. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Kubrak C, Olson K, Jha N, Jensen L, McCargar L, Seikaly H, Harris J, Scrimger R, Parliament M, Baracos VE. Nutrition impact symptoms: key determinants of reduced dietary intake, weight loss, and reduced functional capacity of patients with head and neck cancer before treatment. Head Neck. 2010 Mar; 32(3): 290-300. doi: 10.1002/hed.21174. PMID: 19626639.

Muscaritoli M, Anker SD, Argilés J, Aversa Z, Bauer JM, Biolo G, Boirie Y, Bosaeus I, Cederholm T, Costelli P, Fearon KC, Laviano A, Maggio M, Rossi Fanelli F, Schneider SM, Schols A, Sieber CC.Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: joint document elaborated by Special Interest Groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics". Clin Nutr. 2010 Apr; 29 (2): 154-159. Epub 2010 Jan 8. PMID: 20060626.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mourtzakis M, Tonkin K, Mackey JR, Koski S, Pituskin E, Sawyer MB. Sarcopenia as a determinant of chemotherapy toxicity and time to tumor progression in metastatic breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine treatment. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15; 15 (8): 2,920-2,926. Epub 2009 Apr 7. PMID: 19351764.

Prado CM, Lieffers JR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Sawyer MB, Martin L, Baracos VE. Prevalence and clinical implications of sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: a population-based study. Lancet Oncol. 2008 Jul;9 (7): 629-635. Epub 2008 Jun 6. PMID: 18539529.

Prado CM, Birdsell LA, Baracos VE. The emerging role of computerized tomography in assessing cancer cachexia. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2009 Dec; 3 (4): 269-275. Review. PMID: 19667996.

Prado CM, Lima IS, Baracos VE, Bies RR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mackey JR, Kuzma M, Damaraju VL, Sawyer MB. An exploratory study of body composition as a determinant of epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Jan; 67 (1): 93-101. Epub 2010 Mar 5. PMID: 20204364.

Tan BH, Birdsell LA, Martin L, Baracos VE, Fearon KC. Sarcopenia in an overweight or obese patient is an adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;15 (22): 6,973-6,979. Epub 2009 Nov 3. PMID: 19887488.

White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M; Academy Malnutrition Work Group, A.S.P.E.N. Malnutrition Task Force, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112 (5): 730-738. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Wojtaszek CA, Kochis LM, Cunningham RS: Nutrition impact symptoms in the oncology patient. Oncology Issues. 17 (2): 15-17, 2002.

Nutrition Diagnosis

ONC: Nutrition Diagnosis of Malnutrition in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

American Cancer Society.: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.

Antoun S, Baracos VE, Birdsell L, Escudier B, Sawyer MB. Low body mass index and sarcopenia associated with dose-limiting toxicity of sorafenib in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2010 Aug; 21 (8): 1, 594-1, 598. Epub 2010 Jan 20. PMID: 20089558.

Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F, Martin FC, Michel JP, Rolland Y, Schneider SM, Topinková E, Vandewoude M, Zamboni M; European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age Ageing. 2010 Jul;39(4):412-23. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afq034. Epub 2010 Apr 13. PMID: 20392703

Fearon K, Arends J, Baracos V. Understanding the mechanisms and treatment options in cancer cachexia. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2013 Feb; 10 (2): 90-99. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.209. Epub 2012 Dec 4. PMID: 23207794.

Fearon KC. Cancer cachexia and fat-muscle physiology. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365 (6): 565-567. No abstract available. PMID: 21830971.

Fearon KC, Voss AC, Hustead DS; Cancer Cachexia Study Group. Definition of cancer cachexia: effect of weight loss, reduced food intake, and systemic inflammation on functional status and prognosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun; 83(6): 1, 345-1, 350. PMID: 16762946.

Grabowski DC and Ellis JE. High body mass index does not predict mortality in older people: analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Aging. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jul; 49 (7): 968-979. PMID: 11527490.

Jensen GL, Hsiao PY, Wheeler D. Adult nutrition assessment tutorial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36 (3): 267-274. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Kubrak C, Olson K, Jha N, Jensen L, McCargar L, Seikaly H, Harris J, Scrimger R, Parliament M, Baracos VE. Nutrition impact symptoms: key determinants of reduced dietary intake, weight loss, and reduced functional capacity of patients with head and neck cancer before treatment. Head Neck. 2010 Mar; 32(3): 290-300. doi: 10.1002/hed.21174. PMID: 19626639.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mourtzakis M, Tonkin K, Mackey JR, Koski S, Pituskin E, Sawyer MB. Sarcopenia as a determinant of chemotherapy toxicity and time to tumor progression in metastatic breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine treatment. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15; 15 (8): 2, 920-2, 926. Epub 2009 Apr 7. PMID: 19351764.

Prado CM, Birdsell LA, Baracos VE. The emerging role of computerized tomography in assessing cancer cachexia. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2009 Dec; 3 (4): 269-275. Review. PMID: 19667996.

Prado CM, Lima IS, Baracos VE, Bies RR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mackey JR, Kuzma M, Damaraju VL, Sawyer MB. An exploratory study of body composition as a determinant of epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Jan; 67 (1): 93-101. Epub 2010 Mar 5. PMID: 20204364.

Tan BH, Birdsell LA, Martin L, Baracos VE, Fearon KC. Sarcopenia in an overweight or obese patient is an adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;15 (22): 6, 973-6, 979. Epub 2009 Nov 3. PMID: 19887488.

White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M; Academy Malnutrition Work Group, A.S.P.E.N. Malnutrition Task Force, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112 (5): 730-738. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Wojtaszek CA, Kochis LM, Cunningham RS: Nutrition impact symptoms in the oncology patient. Oncology Issues 17 (2): 15-7, 2002.

Nutrition Intervention

ONC: Nutrition Intervention for Adult Oncology Patients with Cancer Cachexia

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

Fearon K, Strasser F, Anker SD, Bosaeus I, Bruera E, Fainsinger RL, Jatoi A, Loprinzi C, MacDonald N, Mantovani G, Davis M, Muscaritoli M, Ottery F, Radbruch L, Ravasco P, Walsh D, Wilcock A, Kaasa S, Baracos VE. Definition and classification of cancer cachexia: an international consensus. Lancet Oncol. 2011 May; 12 (5): 489-495. Epub 2011 Feb 4. Review. PMID: 21296615.

Fearon KC. Cancer cachexia and fat-muscle physiology. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365 (6): 565-567. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcibr1106880. No abstract available. PMID: 21830971.

Muscaritoli M, Anker SD, Argilés J, Aversa Z, Bauer JM, Biolo G, Boirie Y, Bosaeus I, Cederholm T, Costelli P, Fearon KC, Laviano A, Maggio M, Rossi Fanelli F, Schneider SM, Schols A, Sieber CC.Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: joint document elaborated by Special Interest Groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics". Clin Nutr. 2010 Apr; 29 (2): 154-159. Epub 2010 Jan 8. PMID: 20060626.

White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M; Academy Malnutrition Work Group, A.S.P.E.N. Malnutrition Task Force, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112 (5): 730-738. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Stratton RJ, Hackston A, Longmore D, et al. Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients: Prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the ‘malnutrition universal screening tool’ (‘MUST’) for adults. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(5):799-808.

ONC: Fish Oil, Weight and Lean Body Mass in Adult Oncology Patients

Fearon KC, Barber MD, Moses AG, Ahmedzai SH, Taylor GS, Tisdale MJ, Murray GD. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study of eicosapentaenoic acid diester in patients with cancer cachexia.J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jul 20;24(21):3401-7.

Murphy RA, Mourtzakis M, Chu QS, Baracos VE, Reiman T, Mazurak VC. Nutritional intervention with fish oil provides a benefit over standard of care for weight and skeletal muscle mass in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer receiving chemotherapy. Cancer. 2011 Apr 15; 117(8): 1,775-1,782. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

Taylor, L.A., Pletschen, L., Arends, J., Unger, C., Massing, U. Marine phospholipids- a promising new dietary approach to tumor associated weight loss. Support Care Cancer 2010; 18: 159-170.

Wigmore SJ, Barber MD, Ross JA, Tisdale MJ, Fearon KCH. Effect of oral eicosapentanoic acid on weight loss in patients with pancreatic cancer. Nutr Cancer. 2000;36:177-84

Wigmore SJ, Ross JA, Falconer JS, Plester CE, Tisdale MJ, Carter DC, Fearon KC. The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids on the progress of cachexia in patients with pancreatic cancer. Nutrition. 1996;12(1 Suppl):S27-30.

Bonatto, SJ, Oliveira HH et. al. Fish Oil Supplementation Improves Neutrophis Function During Cancer Chemotherapy. Lipids. 2012: 47; 383-389.

Burns CP, Halabi S, Clamon G, et al: Phase II study of high-dose fish oil capsules for patients with cancer-related cachexia. A Cancer and Leukemia Group B study. Cancer 2004;101:370-378.

De Luis, D.A., Izaola, O., Aller, R., Cuellar, L., Terroba, M.C., Martin, T. A randomized clinical trial with two omega-3 fatty acid enhanced oral suplements in head and neck cancer ambulatory patients. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2008; 12: 177-181.

Finocchiaro C, Segre O, Fadda M, Monge T, Scigliano M, Schena M, Tinivella M, Tiozzo E, Catalano MG, Pugliese M, Fortunati N, Aragno M, Muzio G, Maggiora M, Oraldi M, Canuto RA. Effect of n-3 fatty acids on patients with advanced lung cancer: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:327-333.

Gogos GA, Ginopoulos P, Zoumbos NC, Apostolidou E, Kalfarentzos F. The Effect of Dietary Omega 3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on T-Lymphocyte subsets of patients with solid tumors. Cancer Detection and Prevention. 1995; 19(5): 415-417.

Persson C, Glimelius B, Rönnelid J, Nygren P. Impact of fish oil and melatonin on cachexia in patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer: A randomized pilot study. Nutrition 2005;21:170-178.

Pratt VC, Watanabe S, Bruera E, Mackey J, Clandinin MT, Baracos VE, Field CJ. Plasma and neutrophil fatty acid composition in advanced cancer patients and response to fish oil supplementation. Br J Cancer. 2002 Dec 2;87(12):1370-8.

Silva Jde A, Trindade EB, Fabre ME, Menegotto VM, Gevaerd S, Buss Zda S, Frode TS. Fish oil supplement alters markers of inflammatory and nutritional status in colorectal cancer patients. Nutr Cancer. 2012;64(2):267-73. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2012.643133. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Barber MD, McMillan DC, Preston T, Ross JA, Fearon KC.Metabolic response to feeding in weight-losing pancreatic cancer patients and its modulation by a fish-oil-enriched nutritional supplement. Clin Sci (Lond). 2000 Apr;98(4):389-99.

Barber MD, Ross JA, Voss AC, Tisdale MJ, Fearon KCH. The effect of an oral nutritional supplement enriched with fish oil on weight-loss in patients with pancreatic cancer. Br J Cancer. 1999;81:80-86.

Bauer J, Capra S, Battistuttab D, Davidson W, Ashe S. Compliance with nutrition prescription improves outcomes in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. Clinical Nutrition (2005) 24, 998 - 1004.

Fearon KCH, von Meyenfeldt MF, Moses AGW, van Geenen R, Roy A, Gouma DJ, Giacosa A, Van Gossum A, Bauer J, Barber MD, Aaronson NK, Voss AC, Tisdale MJ. Effect of a protein and energy dense n-3 fatty acid enriched oral supplement on loss of weight and lean tissue in cancer cachexia: a randomised double blind trial. Gut. 2003;52:1479-86.

Read JA, Beale PJ, Volker DH, Smith N, Childs A, Clarke SJ. Nutrition intervention using an eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-containing supplement in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Effects on nutritional and inflammatory status: a phase II trial. Support Care Cancer. 2007 Mar; 15(3): 301-307. Epub 2006 Oct 5.

Ryan AM, Reynolds JV, Healy L, Byrne M, Moore J, Brannelly N, McHugh A, McCormack D, Flood P. Enteral nutrition enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) preserves lean body mass following esophageal cancer surgery: Results of a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg. 2009 Mar; 249(3): 355-363.

van der Meij BS, Langius JA, Smit EF, Spreeuwenberg MD, von Blomberg BM, Heijboer AC, Paul MA, van Leeuwen PA. Oral nutritional supplements containing (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids affect the nutritional status of patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer during multimodality treatment. J Nutr. 2010, Oct; 140(10): 1,774-1,780.

Weed HG, Ferguson ML, Gaff RL, Hustead DS, Nelson JL, Voss AC. Lean body mass gain in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer treated perioperatively with a protein- and energy-dense nutritional supplement containing eicosapentaenoic acid. Head Neck. 2011 Jul; 33(7): 1,027-1,033. Epub 2010 Oct 21.

de Luis DA, Izaola O, Aller R, Cuellar L, Terroba MC. A randomized clinical trial with oral Immunonutrition (omega 3-enhanced formula vs. arginine-enhanced formula) in ambulatory head and neck cancer patients. Ann Nutr Metab. 2005 Mar-Apr;49(2):95-9.

Guarcello M, Riso S, Buosi R, d’Andrea F. EPA-enriched oral nutritional support in patients with lung cancer: Effects on nutritional status and quality of life. Nutr Ther Metab. 2007; 25: 25-30.

Jatoi A, Rowland, K, Loprinzi CL, et al. An eicosapentaenoic acid supplement versus megestrol acetate versus both fro patients with cancer-assoicated wasting: A North Central Cancer Treatment Group and National Cancer Institute of Canada collaborative effort. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:2469-2476.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

None.

ONC: Glutamine and Oral Mucositis in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

Harris DJ, Eilers J, Harriman A, Cashavelly BJ, Maxwell C. Putting evidence into practice: evidence-based interventions for the management of oral mucositis. Clin J Oncol Nurs.2008 Feb; 12 (1): 141-152. 

ONS PEP Mucositis Research Evidence Table 5-13: http://www.ons.org/Research/PEP/media/ons/docs/research/outcomes/mucositis/table-of-evidence.pdf. Searches through June 2011. Oncology Nursing Society (ONS), 50-53.

ONC: Parenteral Glutamine and Hematopoietic Cell Transplant (HCT) in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

August DA, Huhmann MB; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support therapy during adult anticancer treatment and in hematopoietic cell transplantation. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 Sep-Oct;33(5):472-500. doi: 10.1177/0148607109341804. No abstract available. PMID: 19713551.

Vanek VW, Matarese LE, Robinson M, Sacks GS, Young LS, Kochevar M; Novel Nutrient Task Force, Parenteral Glutamine Workgroup; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. position paper: parenteral nutrition glutamine supplementation. Nutr Clin Pract. 2011 Aug; 26(4):479-94. doi: 10.1177/0884533611410975. Epub 2011 Jun 22. No abstract available. PMID:21697551.

ONC: Nutrition Substances and Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Adult Oncology Patients 

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

Visovsky C,  Collins, M, Abbott L, Aschenbrenner, J, Hart C. Putting Evidence Into Practice: Evidence-Based Interventions for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. 2007Volume 11, Number 6,  901-913. 

ONS PEP Research Evidence Table for Peripheral Neuropathy: http://www.ons.org/Research/PEP/media/ons/docs/research/outcomes/peripheral/table-of-evidence.pdf. Searches completed through June 2011. Oncology Nursing Society.

ONC: Neutropenic Dietary Precautions for Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

August DA, Huhmann MB; American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Board of Directors. A.S.P.E.N. clinical guidelines: nutrition support therapy during adult anticancer treatment and in hematopoietic cell transplantation. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2009 Sep-Oct; 33 (5): 472-500. doi: 10.1177/0148607109341804. No abstract available. PMID: 19713551.

Zitella LJ, Friese CR, Hauser J, Gobel BH, Woolery M, O'Leary C, Andrews FA. Putting evidence into practice: Prevention of infection. Clinical J Oncol Nurs. 2006; 10(6): 739-750.

Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation

ON: Monitoring and Evaluation in Adult Oncology Patients

None.

References not graded in the Academy's Evidence Analysis Process

American Cancer Society.: Nutrition for the Person with Cancer: A Guide for Patients and Families. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society, Inc., 2000.

Antoun S, Baracos VE, Birdsell L, Escudier B, Sawyer MB. Low body mass index and sarcopenia associated with dose-limiting toxicity of sorafenib in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2010 Aug; 21 (8): 1, 594-1, 598. Epub 2010 Jan 20. PMID: 20089558.

Cruz-Jentoft AJ, Baeyens JP, Bauer JM, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F, Martin FC, Michel JP, Rolland Y, Schneider SM, Topinková E, Vandewoude M, Zamboni M; European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age Ageing. 2010 Jul;39(4):412-23. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afq034. Epub 2010 Apr 13. PMID: 20392703

Fearon K, Arends J, Baracos V. Understanding the mechanisms and treatment options in cancer cachexia. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2013 Feb; 10 (2): 90-99. doi: 10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.209. Epub 2012 Dec 4. PMID: 23207794.

Fearon KC. Cancer cachexia and fat-muscle physiology. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 11; 365 (6): 565-567. No abstract available. PMID: 21830971.

Fearon KC, Voss AC, Hustead DS; Cancer Cachexia Study Group. Definition of cancer cachexia: effect of weight loss, reduced food intake, and systemic inflammation on functional status and prognosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jun; 83(6): 1, 345-1, 350. PMID: 16762946.

Grabowski DC and Ellis JE. High body mass index does not predict mortality in older people: analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Aging. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jul; 49 (7): 968-979. PMID: 11527490.

Jensen GL, Hsiao PY, Wheeler D. Adult nutrition assessment tutorial. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 May; 36 (3): 267-274. Epub 2012 Mar 8.

Kubrak C, Olson K, Jha N, Jensen L, McCargar L, Seikaly H, Harris J, Scrimger R, Parliament M, Baracos VE. Nutrition impact symptoms: key determinants of reduced dietary intake, weight loss, and reduced functional capacity of patients with head and neck cancer before treatment. Head Neck. 2010 Mar; 32(3): 290-300. doi: 10.1002/hed.21174. PMID: 19626639.

Prado CM, Baracos VE, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mourtzakis M, Tonkin K, Mackey JR, Koski S, Pituskin E, Sawyer MB. Sarcopenia as a determinant of chemotherapy toxicity and time to tumor progression in metastatic breast cancer patients receiving capecitabine treatment. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15; 15 (8): 2, 920-2, 926. Epub 2009 Apr 7. PMID: 19351764.

Prado CM, Birdsell LA, Baracos VE. The emerging role of computerized tomography in assessing cancer cachexia. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care. 2009 Dec; 3 (4): 269-275. Review. PMID: 19667996.

Prado CM, Lima IS, Baracos VE, Bies RR, McCargar LJ, Reiman T, Mackey JR, Kuzma M, Damaraju VL, Sawyer MB. An exploratory study of body composition as a determinant of epirubicin pharmacokinetics and toxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Jan; 67 (1): 93-101. Epub 2010 Mar 5. PMID: 20204364.

Tan BH, Birdsell LA, Martin L, Baracos VE, Fearon KC. Sarcopenia in an overweight or obese patient is an adverse prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Nov 15;15 (22): 6, 973-6, 979. Epub 2009 Nov 3. PMID: 19887488.

White JV, Guenter P, Jensen G, Malone A, Schofield M; Academy Malnutrition Work Group, A.S.P.E.N. Malnutrition Task Force, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May; 112 (5): 730-738. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Wojtaszek CA, Kochis LM, Cunningham RS: Nutrition impact symptoms in the oncology patient. Oncology Issues 17 (2): 15-7, 2002.

 

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