MiOA: Intervention: Community: Food Fortification (2023)

Author and Year:
Arjuna T, Miller M, Ueno T, et al. 2018
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Food services using energy- and protein-fortified meals to assist vulnerable community-residing older adults meet their dietary requirements and maintain good health and quality of life: findings from a pilot study.
Arjuna T, Miller M, Ueno T, Visvanathan R, Lange K, Soenen S, Chapman I, Luscombe-Marsh N
Geriatrics (Basel, Switzerland)
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Randomized Controlled Trial
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Low risk
Inclusion Criteria:
Individuals aged >/= 70; Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score > 17
Exclusion Criteria:
Any one of the following: clinical diagnosis of dementia; significant depression; severely malnourished
Research Purpose:
To compare the effects of fortified and nonfortified hot lunchtime meals at least three days/week combined with standard dietetic counseling, compared to dietetic counseling only (no meal provided), on the primary outcomes of energy and protein intakes and nutritional status. Secondary outcomes, including physical capacity, general and psychological wellbeing, quality of life, and hospitalizations (number and duration of stay), and the level of satisfaction with meals and general service provided by the meal service, were also measured.
Blinding efforts:
Meals on Wheels (MOW) recipients were randomized to either the "standard meal" (STD) group or the "protein and energy-enriched meal" (HEHP) group. Both MOW recipients and the researchers were unaware of meal allocation to STD or HEHP. Participant randomization was performed by MOW staff who took no part in data collection or analyses.
Study Location:
Adelaide, Australia
Source(s) of Funding:
Government, Industry, University/Hospital, Commerce International Merchant Bankers
Please specify names of funders:
Nestle Australia Ltd.; National Medical and Health Research Council of Australia; Commerce International Merchant Bankers Berhad Regional Scholarship; Royal Adelaide Hospital Mary Overton and Florey Fellowships.

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