Is there nutritional adequacy of a gluten-free dietary pattern in those newly diagnosed with celiac disease?
For newly diagnosed children and adults with celiac disease, studies report that compliance with a gluten-free dietary pattern results in significant improvements in nutritional laboratory values, such as serum hemoglobin, iron, zinc and calcium, as a result of intestinal healing and improved absorption. However, adherence to the gluten-free dietary pattern may result in a diet that is high in fat and low in carbohydrates and fiber, as well as low in iron, folate, niacin, vitamin B-12, calcium, phosphorus and zinc. A small number of studies in adults show a trend toward weight gain after diagnosis; further research is needed in this area.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.