Dietary Approaches and Health Outcomes

Dietary Approaches and Health Outcomes (DA-HO) Scoping Review (2020)

Dietary Approaches and Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review

The objective of this scoping review is to identify and characterize systematic reviews examining diet or energy restriction interventions among adults in the general population who are healthy or who may have chronic disease. Understanding the landscape of these interventions in the literature will help to inform the scope and the development of future systematic reviews in this area.

Research Question

What is the availability of literature examining diet or energy restriction interventions in adults in the general population?

Search Plan

Target Population: Adults (18 years and older) in the general populartion with or without chronic disease(s) or co-morbid condition(s).

Interventions: Studies examining a prescribed diet or fasting (energy restriction) regimen as the primary intervention, either alone or as part of a lifestyle intervention (i.e., education, exercise, behavior therapy).

Outcomes: Pre-post weight status or BMI. May also include pre-post secondary health outcomes (cardiovascular, metabolic, and functional outcomes) such as body composition, lipids, blood glucose, blood pressure, insulin resistance, improvement in symptoms, clinical events (i.e., myocardial infarction, stroke), occurence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality, etc.

Location: Outpatient, ambulatory or community-based care

Search Dates: January 1, 2010 - February 20, 2020

Study Designs: Systematic reviews or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical studies or cohort studies. 

Databases: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews

Results: The scoping review is in progress with an estimate completion date of September 2020.

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