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Physical Activity

Nutrition and Physical Activity (NPA) in the General Population Scoping Review (2020)

The objective of nutrition and physical activity in the general population scoping review is to describe the extent, range and nature of literature examining interventions to maintain or improve nutrition, physical activity and related outcomes in individuals who are non- or recreational athletes with or without cardiometabolic disease.

Research Question

In non-athletes or recreational athletes with or without cardiometabolic disease, what is the extent, range and nature of literature examining assessment and intervention methods to improve or maintain both nutrition and physical activity and related outcomes?

Sub-Questions 

For non-athletes or recreational athletes with or without cardiometabolic disease, what is the availability of research describing:

1. Individual-level nutrition and physical activity counseling or coaching provided by a nutrition or exercise practitioner to achieve or maintain adherence to dietary and physical activity recommendations and cardiometabolic and mental health outcomes?

  • Which studies examine target populations trying to achieve (diagnosed disease) or maintain (non-diagnosed disease) cardiometabolic or mental health?
  • Which types of practitioners are delivering the nutrition and physical activity interventions?
  • Which behavioral counseling techniques (ex: motivational interviewing, transtheoretical model behavior change) are used to improve or maintain nutritional and physical activity and cardiometabolic or mental health outcomes?

2.  A) Wearable technology and/or B) mobile application to achieve or maintain adherence to dietary and physical activity recommendations and cardiometabolic and mental health outcomes?

3. Effect of ergogenic aids on exercise/training outcomes, anthropometric measures and body composition?

  • carbohydrate/electrolyte replacement (drinks, gels, chews, tablets [nuun])
  • caffeine
  • BCAA supplementation (leucine, isoleucine, valine)
  • creatine supplements
  • collagen supplements
  • multivitamins
  • omega-3 supplements
  • exogenous ketones

Analytical Framework

Eligibility Criteria

Target Population: Adults (18 years of age or older)

Search Dates: Primary studies: 2005-May 4, 2020; Systematic Reviews/Meta-Analyses: 2015-May 4, 2020

Location: Countries with developed economies

Intermediate Outcomes: Dietary intake, physical activity, body composition (FM, FFM, BMD), anthropometrics, glucose homeostasis measures/pre-diabetes, BP, lipid profile, intermediate CVD measures (ex: IMT, FMD), CRP. Intermediate outcomes must be measured before and after the trial. Physical activity should be specified in METs.

Health Outcomes: Mortality, quality of life, CVD/events, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, malnutrition (overweight/obesity/underweight), anxiety disorders, depression, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis/osteopenia, joint pain.

Study Design Preferences: Systematic reviews and evidence-based practice guidelines; controlled clinical trials (RCTs, NRCTs). 

Download the complete search criteria (PDF). 

Results: The scoping review in in progress with an etimated completion date of December 2020.

  • Learn more about EAL Scoping Reviews by visiting the Policy and Process section.
  • Questions on the nutrition and physical activity review should be emailed to eal@eatright.org. 

 

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