DAHO: Cardiovascular Disease (2021)

Author and Year:
Rees K, Takeda A, et al. 2019
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Mediterranean-style diet for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Authors:
Rees K, Takeda A, Martin N, Ellis L, Wijesekara D, Vepa A, Das A, Hartley L, Stranges S
Journal:
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Year of publication:
2019
Volume:
3
Issue:
Page numbers:
CD009825
Study Design:
Meta-analysis or Systematic Review
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
High
Inclusion Criteria:
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in healthy adults and adults at high risk of CVD (primary prevention) and those with established CVD (secondary prevention). Both of the following key components were required to reach our definition of a Mediterranean-style diet: high monounsaturated/saturated fat ratio (use of olive oil as a main cooking ingredient and/or consumption of other traditional foods high in monounsaturated fats, such as tree nuts) and a high intake of plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables and legumes. Additional components included: low to moderate red wine consumption; high consumption of whole grains and cereals; low consumption of meat and meat products and increased Mediterranean-style diet for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Exclusion Criteria:
Non-RCTs; people with diabetes, studies with other behavioral interventions such as exercise or weight loss, intervention did not meet Mediterranean diet definition.
Research Purpose:
Evaluate the effect of a Mediterranean-style diet for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Blinding efforts:
Not applicable
Study Location:
Not applicable
Source(s) of Funding:
Please specify names of funders:
Warwick Medical School, Cochrane Heart Group, NIHR Cochrane Programme Grant, UK; NIHR Cochrane Incentive Grant, UK