DAHO: Overweight and Obesity (2021)

Author and Year:
Ge L, Sadeghirad B, et al. 2020
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials.
Ge L, Sadeghirad B, Ball G, da Costa B, Hitchcock C, Svendrovski A, Kiflen R, Quadri K, Kwon H, Karamouzian M, Adams-Webber T, Ahmed W, Damanhoury S, Zeraatkar D, Nikolakopoulou A, Tsuyuki R, Tian J, Yang K, Guyatt G, Johnston B
BMJ (Clinical research ed.)
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Meta-analysis or Systematic Review
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Inclusion Criteria:
Randomised adults (>/=18 years) who were overweight (body mass index 25-29) or obese (./=30) to an eligible popular named diet or an alternative active or non-active control diet (eg, usual diet), and reported weight loss, changes in lipid profile, blood pressure, or C reactive protein levels at three months’ follow-up or longer. dietary programmes with structured advice for daily macronutrient, food, or caloric intake for a defined period (>/=3 months). Studies could or could not provide exercise (eg, walking, strength training) or behavioural support (eg, counselling, group support online or in person), and could include meal replacement products, but had to consist primarily of whole foods.
Exclusion Criteria:
Weight loss drugs, non-RCTs, normal BMI, non-English,
Research Purpose:
To determine the relative effectiveness of dietary macronutrient patterns, and popular diet programmes for weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor improvement among adults who are overweight or obese.
Blinding efforts:
Not applicable
Study Location:
Not reported
Source(s) of Funding:
Please specify names of funders:
Dalhousie University (awarded to BCJ) and the University of Alberta (awarded to GDCB). SD was supported by a scholarship from Umm AlQura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. GDCB was supported by an Alberta Health Services Chair in Obesity Research.