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Adult Weight Management

AWM: Major Recommendations (2006)

Major Recommendations

Recommendations are categorized in terms of either conditional or imperative statements. While conditional statements clearly define a specific situation, imperative statements are broadly applicable to the target population and do not impose restraints on their application.

Conditional recommendations are presented in an if, then format, such that:

If condition, then action(s), because reason(s).

Fulfillment of the condition triggers one or more guideline-specified actions. In contrast, imperative recommendations include terms such as “require, ” “must” and “should” and do not contain conditional text that would limit their applicability to specified circumstances.

Resources Available with Each Recommendation

In addition to the recommendation statement and strength rating, you will find on each recommendation page:

  • A brief narrative summary of the evidence, analyzed to reach the recommendation
  • A statement of justification, or reason for the strength of the recommendation
  • Detailed information on the evidence supporting the recommendations and background narrative (available in the Supporting Evidence section, toward the bottom of each recommendation page)
  • A reference list at the end of each recommendation page that includes all the sources used in the evidence analysis for the particular recommendation (each reference is hyperlinked to a summary of the article analyzed in the evidence analysis).

Recommendations By Topic 

Below you will find a list of Adult Weight Management Recommendations organized by Topic. To see the Recommendation Summary, just click on the Recommendation title. Also view the Executive Summary of Recommendations or print the guideline in PDF format.

There is no independent recommendation regarding nutritional counseling as this is a practitioner skill that cuts across all recommendations.

Note: to print out all of the major recommendations in a single pdf document, select the Print Reports tab above.

Adult Weight Management (AWM) Major Recommendations 

Nutritional Assessment and Treatment

AWM: Classification of Overweight and Obesity

AWM: Comprehensive Weight Management Program

AWM: Optimal Length of Weight Management Therapy

AWM: Realistic Weight Goal Setting

AWM: Determination of Resting Metabolic Rate

Dietary Interventions

AWM: Reduced Calorie Diets

AWM: Eating Frequency and Patterns

AWM: Portion Control

AWM: Meal Replacements

AWM: Nutrition Education

Selected Dietary Approaches

The work group examined the existing literature on some specific diets based on the availability of research as well as interest

AWM: Low Glycemic Index Diets

AWM: Dairy/Calcium and Weight Management

AWM: Low Carbohydrate Diet

Physical Activity Interventions

AWM: Physical Activity

Behavioral Interventions

AWM: Multiple Behavior Therapy Strategies

FDA-Approved Medications for Weight Loss

AWM: Medication as Part of a Comprehensive Program

Bariatric Surgery

AWM: Bariatric Surgery for Weight Loss