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Diabetes Type 1 and 2

DM: Background Information (2008)

Identifying Information and Availability

Bibliographic Source

American Dietetic Association. American Dietetic Association Diabetes Type 1 and 2 Evidenced-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline for Adults, Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2008.


This guideline was not adapted from another source. Development of the guideline was conducted in accordance with the Appraisal of Guidelines Research Evaluation critical appraisal instrument.

Date Released


Guideline Developer

American Dietetic Association.

Guideline Status

This is a revision to the American Dietetic Assocaition Medical Nutrition Therapy Evidence Based Guides for Practice Nutrition Practice Guideline for Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus, published December 2001 on CD-ROM.

Guideline Reviewers

  • Linda Siminerio, RN, PhD, CDE
  • Judy Wylie-Rosett EdD. RD
  • Linda Haas, Ph.C., R.N., C.D.E.
  • Sandra Burke, Ph.D, R.N., A.N.P., C.D.E.
  • Gregg Simonson, PhD.
  • Nathaniel Clark, MD, MS, RD

Expert Work Group

  • Carolyn J. Leontos, MS, RD CDE, Chair
  • Marion J. Franz, MS, RD, CDE
  • Lea Ann Holzmeister, RD, CDE
  • Karmeen Kulkarni, MS, RD, CDE
  • Arlene M. Monk, RD, LD, CDE
  • Margaret A. Powers. MS. RD.

Lead Evidence Analyst

Erica K. Gradwell, MS, RD.

Evidence Analysts

Financial Contributor

American Dietetic Association.

ADA Staff

  • Deborah Cummins, PhD
  • Kari Kren, MPH, RD
  • Esther F. Myers, PhD, RD.

Note: ADA acknowledges and is grateful for support from sponsors; however ADA’s Scientific Affairs and Research maintains full control over the content and process of all evidence analysis projects including the selection of topics, evaluation of research, assignment of grades and development of recommendations.

Disclosures of Potential Conflict of Interest

In the interest of full disclosure, ADA has adopted the policy of revealing relationships workgroup members have with companies that sell products or services that are relevant to this topic. Workgroup members are required to disclose potential conflicts of interest by completing the ADA Conflict of Interest Form. It should not be assumed that these financial interests will have an adverse impact on the content, but they are noted here to fully inform readers. Users of the evidence analysis library may assume that only work group members listed below have potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

  • Carolyn Leontos: Received honorariums from Takeda, Roche Diagnostics, Aventis, Novartis; shareholder in Johnson & Johnson and Abbott Laboratories, Inc. stock.
  • Marion Franz: Employed with Nutrition Concept by Franz, Inc., consulted for General Mills and Nestle and has recieved honorariums for General Mills, Nestle and Kraft.
  • Karmeen Kulkarni: Employed by Abbott Diabetes Care.

Guideline Availablility

The guideline will be available online.

Availability of Companion Documents

The Diabetes Type 1 and 2 Toolkit is a set of companion documents, which detail how the practitioner applies the Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline in practice. The Toolkit will include forms such as documentation forms, outcomes monitoring sheets, client education resources, case studies and MNT protocols for implementing the Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline.

Patient Resources

Patient education resources will be available within the Diabetes Type 1 and 2 Toolkit.

National Library of Medicine Subject Headings

  • The main MeSH category is designated as Therapeutics
  • The sub-categories under this heading include Nutrition Therapy and Diet Therapy.

Institutes of Medicine (IOM) National Healthcare Quality Report Categories

  • IOM Care need: Getting better
  • IOM Domain: Effectiveness, patient-centeredness.

Copyright Statement

The American Dietetic Association encourages the free exchange of evidence in nutrition practice guidelines and promotes the adaptation of the guidelines for local conditions. However, please note that guidelines are subject to copyright provisions. To replicate or reproduce this guideline, in part or in full, please obtain agreement from the American Dietetic Association. Contact eal@adaevidencelibrary.com for copyright permission.

When modifying the guidelines for local circumstances, significant departures from these comprehensive guidelines should be fully documented and the reasons for the differences explicitly detailed.

©2007 American Dietetic Association