PDM: MNT and Anthropometric Outcomes (2022-23)

Author and Year:
Alfawaz H, Wani K, Alnaami A, et al. 2018
PubMed ID:
Article Title:
Effects of Different Dietary and Lifestyle Modification Therapies on Metabolic Syndrome in Prediabetic Arab Patients: A 12-Month Longitudinal Study.
Alfawaz H, Wani K, Alnaami A, Al-Saleh Y, Aljohani N, Al-Attas O, Alokail M, Kumar S, Al-Daghri N
Year of publication:
Page numbers:
Study Design:
Randomized Controlled Trial
Risk of Bias Assessment Rating:
Some concerns
Inclusion Criteria:
Saudi males and females (age range 25-60) attending King Khalid University Hospital and King Salman Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; a fasting glucose level of 5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L, identified as one of the five components of MetS (NCEP ATP III criteria). Interested participants were referred to the concerned physician who used the guidelines stated under section “prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes” in “standards for medical care in diabetes” to screen the candidates.
Exclusion Criteria:
Subjects who were already on anti-hyperglycemic treatment; pregnant or lactating women; with known renal, hepatic, pulmonary, cardiac, etc., complications were excluded.
Research Purpose:
To determine the differences in the effects of general advice on lifestyle change, an intensive lifestyle modification programme and general advice + metformin in reducing the prevalence of full metabolic syndrome in subjects with prediabetes.
Blinding efforts:
Not blinded
Study Location:
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Source(s) of Funding:
Please specify names of funders:
National Plan for Science and Technology Grant # 12-MED2881-02