EE: Diurnal Variation (2013)
What is the effect of time of day (diurnal variation) on metabolic rate in the critically ill population?
There is no significant diurnal variation in resting or total energy expenditure in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients receiving continuous feeding.
Additional research is needed on critically ill patients who are spontaneously breathing, in the fasted state or being intermittently fed. Additionally, some of the existing research does not mention the level of sedation, so the effect of sedation on diurnal variation in RMR should also be clarified. Only one of three studies examined the diurnal variation in resting as well as total energy expenditure, so new research on diurnal variation should encompass both measures of metabolic rate.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
Evidence Summary: What is the effect of diurnal (time of day) variation on metabolic rate in the critically ill population?
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- Frankenfield DC, Wiles II CE, Bagley S, Siegel JH. Relationships between resting and total energy expenditure in injured and septic patients. Crit Care Med. 1994;22(11):1796-1804.
- van Lanschot JJB, Feenstra BWA, Vermeij CG, Bruining HA. Accuracy of intermittent metabolic gas exchange recordings extrapolated for diurnal variation. Crit Care Med. 1988; 16 (8): 737-742.
- Zijlstra N, ten Dam SM, Hulshof PJ, Ram C, Hiemstra G, de Roos NM. 24-hour indirect calorimetry in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007; 22(2): 250-255.
Search Plan and Results: EE: Diurnal Variation in Critically Ill Individuals 2012