DLM: Physical Activity (2007)
What is the relationship between exercise and mortality in secondary prevention patients?
Exercise has shown to reduce all cause mortality and cardiac mortality in secondary prevention patients.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
Evidence Summary: What is the relationship between exercise and mortality?
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
- Blair SN. Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women. Aerobics center longitudinal study. JAMA. 1996;276:205-210
- Blair SN, Kohl HW, Barlow CE, Paffenbarger RS, Gibbons LW, Macer CA. Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. JAMA. 1995;273:1093-1098.
- Jolliffe JA, Rees K, Taylor RS, Thompson D, Oldridge N, Ebrahim S. Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2001, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD001800. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001800.
- Lakka TA, Venalainen JM, Rauramaa R, Salonen R, Tumilehto J, Salonen JT. Relation of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness to the risk of acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 1994; 330: 1,549-1,554.
- Lemaitre RN, Heckbert SR, Psaty BM, Siscovick DS. Leisure-time physical activity and the risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction in postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:2302-2.
- Lemaitre RN, Siscovick DS, Raghunathan TE, Weinmann S, Arbogast P, Lin DY. Leisure-time physical activity and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. Arch Intern Med. 1999;159:686-690.
- Manson JE, Greenland P, et al. Walking Compared with Vigorous Exercise for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Women. N Engl J Med, Vol. 347, No. 10. 2002.
- Sesso HD, Paffenbarger RS. Physical activity and coronary heart disease in men: The Harvard Alumni Study. Circulation. 2000;975-980.
- Tanasescu M, Leitzmann MF, Rimm E, et al. Exercise Type and Intensity in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease in Men. JAMA. 2002 October 23-30; 288 (16): 1994-2000.
- Thompson PD et. al. Circulation. 2003;107:3109-3116. AHA Scientific Statement. Exercise and Physical Activity in the Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: A Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and metabloism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity).
- Wei M, Kampert JB, Barlow CE, Nichaman MZ, Gibbons LW, Paffenbarger RS, Blair SN. Relationship between low cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality in normal-weight, overweight, and obese men. JAMA. 1999;282:1547-1553.
Search Plan and Results: DLM: Physical Activity & DLM 2004