In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease?
The ADA Disorders of Lipid Metabolism workgroup concurs with the following statement and grade from the USDA Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL):
Consistent evidence suggests at least a moderate inverse relationship between vegetable and fruit consumption with myocardial infarction and stroke, with significantly larger, positive effects noted above five servings of vegetables and fruits per day.
Notwithstanding prior work on dietary patterns that emphasize vegetables and fruits, insufficient evidence published since 2004 is available to assess the independent relationship between vegetable and fruit intake and blood pressure or serum cholesterol.
- Grade I means there is Good/Strong evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited/Weak;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion Only;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
- High (A) means we are very confident that the true effect lies close to that of the estimate of the effect;
- Moderate (B) means we are moderately confident in the effect estimate;
- Low (C) means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited;
- Very Low (D) means we have very little confidence in the effect estimate.
- Ungraded means a grade is not assignable.
Evidence Summary: In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease?
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
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